Lanza, Giovanni

   By training, a doctor of medicine, Giovanni Lanza’s historical legacy was the stiff and painful cure that he gave to the Italian economy during his premiership from 1869 to 1873. Elected to the Piedmontese Parliament for the first time in 1849, he served as minister of education and minister of finance under Camillo Benso di Cavour in the 1850s. After reunification he became one of the leading figures of the parliamentary right. He was minister of the interior in 1864 in the La Marmora government but resigned in opposition to the grist tax (dazio sul macinato) imposed by Quintino Sella.
   Lanza became premier in 1869. In economic policy, he and his treasury minister, Marco Minghetti, struggled to put the nation’s accounts in order; in foreign policy Lanza successfully persuaded King Victor Emmanuel II not to side with the French in the Franco–Prussian War. Instead, Lanza took the opportunity to complete the unification of Italy by occupying Rome and proclaiming it the capital on 27 March 1871. Lanza unsuccessfully tried to put relations with the Church on a firm footing after the occupation of Rome. The guarantee laws, though not recognized by the Church, served as a modus vivendi between the spiritual and temporal powers within the Italian state until the Lateran pacts in 1929. Lanza was forced to resign in 1873. He continued to serve as deputy for his native Casale Monferatto (Piedmont) until his death in 1882.
   See also Catholicism.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lanza, Giovanni — ▪ Italian statesman born Feb. 15, 1810, Casale Monferrato, Piedmont, French empire [now in Italy] died March 9, 1882, Rome, Italy       Italian statesman and political activist of the Risorgimento who was premier in 1870 when Rome became the… …   Universalium

  • Giovanni Lanza — 10th Prime Minister of Italy In office December 14, 1869 – July 10, 1873 Monarch Victor Emmanuel II …   Wikipedia

  • Lanza [2] — Lanza, Giovanni, ital. Staatsmann, geb. 1815 zu Vignale in Piemont, Arzt, seit 1848 im sardin. Parlament, 1855 59 Minister des Unterrichts und der Finanzen, 1864 65 Minister des Innern, 1867 69 Kammerpräsident, 1869 73 Ministerpräsident, gest. 9 …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Giovanni Lanza — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lanza. Giovanni Lanza Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lanza del Vasto — Nom de naissance Giuseppe Giovanni Luigi Enrico Lanza di Trabia Branciforte Autres noms Joseph Lanza del Vast …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lanza Del Vasto — Lanza del Vasto Nom de naissance Giuseppe Giovanni Luigi Enrico Lanza di Trabia Branciforte Autres noms …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giovanni Lanza — Domenico Giovanni Giuseppe Maria Lanza (* 15. Februar 1810 in Casale Monferrato; † 9. März 1882 in Rom) war vom 13. Mai 1869 bis zum 10. Juli 1873 italienischer Premierminister. Leben Obwohl Lanza in Medizin promoviert war, übte er den Arztberu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giovanni Gronchi — Mandats 3e président de la République italienne 11 mai 1955 – 11 mai 1962 Élection …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lanza — is the surname of the following persons:*Andrew Lanza New York State Senator *Angela Lanza (actress) American actress *Angela Lanza (singer) American singer *Beatrice Lanza Italian athlete *Damián Lanza Ecuadorian footballer *Giovanni Lanza… …   Wikipedia

  • Lanza del Vasto — Lanza del Vasto, (Giuseppe Giovanni Luigi Enrico Lanza di Trabia), (September 29 1901 ndash; January 5 1981) was a philosopher, poet, artist, and nonviolent activist. He was born in San Vito dei Normanni, Italy and died in Elche de la Sierra,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.